Category Archives: Materials and Methods
Crafting a Green World had this thought-provoking post earlier this month.
Is upcycling an excusable practice if we abuse or ignore the “not-so-green” materials as a medium, all in the name of art and crafting?
How about using “eco-friendly” materials, like eco-felt or wool-felt or reusing plastic juice pouches or PET plastic bottles, thinking it’s OK to use, since they are eco-friendly, even though they originated from not-so-green resources?
There is a whole industry of reusing “evil” materials into “green” material: recycled cotton, bamboo, plarn, bags using juice pouch, pillows with eco-felt, etc. And the list goes on.
But shouldn’t we just NOT buy any plastic, chemically treated materials that result in environmental damage? Even if the end result is pretty or functional? I’d rather buy long lasting, natural, minimally processed materials to craft with, even if that means NOT crafting or upcycling, because truthfully speaking, what is the shelf life of a barrette made from eco-felt? Or a bag made from juice pouches?
We can make playground equipment with recycled plastic that will last much longer than any of the accessories that are made with recycled plastic.
Right now, there’s such a “cool” factor to many items. Tshirts made from old soda bottles. Bags made from old juice pouches or recycled water bottles, etc. I think some people buy into the whole idea without really thinking a whole lot about it. I’m a professional skeptic, so I tend to think TOO much about this stuff, lol.
But I’m not sure where I land on this one. The upcycling I do is all turning one relatively OK, but unwanted, thing into another thing that’s usually a reusable replacement for a disposable item. (Um, so turning an old sweater into a cloth diaper cover, which is a replacement for a disposable diaper.) I don’t do a lot of crafting with disposable single-use items (like juice pouches or water bottles) – but not because I’m against it philosophically. That’s just not the kind of crafting I do. Plus, I’m not sure where Id acquire quantities of clean, used water bottles or juice pouches, and I don’t use them myself.
I do like her point that we can recycle old water bottles into playground equipment that will last MUCH longer than anything else we could do with an old water bottle. It’s looking at the lifecycle.
One thing she doesn’t mention is the environmental impact of reusing the bottles – it obviously takes energy and probably chemicals and unsafe working conditions to change the water bottles into fabric, or into whatever else. It would be interesting to see just what that process is, and how nasty it is. (Like the process of turning bamboo into fabric.) I’ve looked, but haven’t found anything published by anybody who’s not trying to sell something made from recycled water bottle fabric, and it seems to me that those information sources might be a tad biased.
Wikipedia has an interesting few paragraphs under “Challenges” in their Plastic Recycling entry, but most of their statements are uncited. Green Talk has a thought-provoking blog entry on this subject, as well. The author here discusses Antimony, which is a cancer-causing chemical released when PET is burned, and which inevitably ends up in the products made from recycled PET. Among the things that the author learned in her quest for information:
- The energy consumption to make recycled polyester is more than conventional cotton, organic cotton and hemp. (But less than virgin polyester.)
- Creating recycled polyester can causes toxic chemicals to leach into our waterways unless the facility treats its wastewater.
- The demand for post consumer bottles has increased so much that companies are sourcing new unused bottles from the bottle manufacturers.
They also provide this tidbit from the EPA on Antimony (again, released when plastic bottles are melted down for recycling):
“Breathing high levels for a long time can irritate your eyes and lungs and can cause heart and lung problems, stomach pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach ulcers.
In short-term studies, animals that breathed very high levels of antimony died. Animals that breathed high levels had lung, heart, liver, and kidney damage. In long-term studies, animals that breathed very low levels of antimony had eye irritation, hair loss, lung damage, and heart problems. Problems with fertility were also noted. In animal studies, problems with fertility have been seen when rats breathed very high levels of antimony for a few months.”
From GreenTalk, I found a link to O Ecotextiles (a company known for environmentally responsible textiles, and for being well-researched) and their blog on the same subject, titled “Why is recycled polyester considered a sustainable textile?”
The majority of the world’s PET production – about 60% – is used to make fibers for textiles; about 30% is used to make bottles. It’s estimated that it takes about 104 million barrels of oil for PET production each year – that’s 70 million barrels just to produce the virgin polyester used in fabrics. That means most polyester – 70 million barrels worth – is manufactured specifically to be made into fibers, NOT bottles, as many people think. Of the 30% of PET which is used to make bottles, only a tiny fraction is recycled into fibers. But the idea of using recycled bottles – “diverting waste from landfills” – and turning it into fibers has caught the public’s imagination.
Their post is very science-y and FULL of citations. I highly recommend it, but I’m into science-y blog posts, lol.
“How does Windpro Fleece compare with 300 wt Malden Mills fleece? Is it better or the same?”
The Malden Mills 300 wt is considered to be in Malden Mills’ “Insulation Fabrics” line. ” These fleece fabrics are designed to provide warmth without weight. They are easy to care for, do not pill or shrink and dry quickly. They come in a wide variety of weights, widths, color and finishes. ” The 300 wt specifically is the “heaviest of their thermal products, these fabrics provide all-purpose insulation and breathability required for cold-weather wear. ” (200 wt fleece is also used by some cloth diaper makers and is the “middle” weight of the thermal fabrics.)
Windpro is considered to be in Malden Mills’ “Weather Protection Fabrics” line, “designed to give you maximum protection against the elements.” WindPro specifically is “A revolution in thermal fabrics allows you to forgo the use of a shell in all but the most extreme wet or windy conditions. The tight knit construction of the Polartec® Wind Pro blocks 95% of the wind, yet is highly breathable.”
(all quotes from the MM wholesale website) (And keep in mind that of course Malden Mills fleeces are milled for sports apparel, not for diapers, of course, so that’s why all of their descriptions sound like you’re planning a mountain climbing expidition.)
I prefer Windpro for diaper covers because it’s designed to be waterproof, and is more tightly knit than the materials in the Insulation line. Both come in a variety of colors (though mostly subdued) and a very limited number of prints. For a diaper cover, either one would be preferable to just regular fleece, such as you could buy at a fabric store. Regular fleeces are available in a wide variety of prints, which makes them appealing, but they just don’t have the performance I’ve come to expect out of a fleece cover.
(I have made, custom order, covers from two layers of regular fleece and have heard back that the customers are happy with their items because they were able to get the print they wanted, but that the custom covers have underperformed the ones made from Malden Mills Windpro.)
I spent Monday and Tuesday afternoons screenprinting. (That sounds more idyllic than it was. It was screenprinting – which is a time-sensitive activity, because you don’t want to let the ink dry in the screen – with a two year old screaming and a 6 year old antoganizing her.)
Most of what I made is just for me, or for gifts, but I made a few things that I’ll list on Etsy at some point in January.
The mudflap book reading girl is actually a freezer paper stencil, the others are screenprints.
In June, I dyed up some fitted diapers that I bought used from a friend. I’ll be selling these back into our local cloth diaper community at our fall Cloth Diaper Garage Sale.
Then I dyed two shirts for Genna to replace the two that she outgrew before she got to wear them. The ones she outgrew were better, lol. They’re the two shirts in this post. They are on their way to be auctioned off at the Friends of Iowa Midwives fundraiser on Labor Day.
Then a friend had a tie dyeing party, and I made a few things there. I did learn that I cannot dye with friends. I am not as focused, I am sloppier, and I make a lot of mistakes. You can see the yellow spots on the sleeve of the second shirt there.
I really enjoyed making these. I had a TON of these shirts from when Wally was a baby. He really never wore them, and Genna didn’t wear them, so I didn’t want to put them back in the Newborn Clothes bin. Instead, Wally and I low water immersion dyed them (in little cups). I’ll be taking them to Oh, Baby tomorrow (Methodist Hospital, be there!) and then, if they don’t sell there, listing them at Etsy.
So. I’d read a bit about dyeing silk, and how it CAN be done with the dyes I already have – fiber-reactive dyes. But that those dyes may shift or the results might be unexpected. And I guess I didn’t read much about exactly HOW one might dye silk with the fiber-reactive dyes. I just gave it a shot. I bought four silk squares to make playsilks for Wally.
The first one, I did low-water immersion dyeing with red dye. It turned out BEAUTIFUL. I didn’t photograph it and it went missing shortly after it was washed out. (I’ve since found it. Wally was playing with it. yay.)
So, I figured, alright! This is easy! And dyed the other three. The one on the left in the picture is a nice lemon yellow, as it was supposed to be. The middle one was supposed to be purple, but is instead a kind of raspberry with streaks of green, which is alright. The one on the right was supposed to be Kelly Green. mmm hmmm.
I will PROBABLY try that Kelly Green one again, but with a different color.
Clearly, if I were going to make more (which I’m not), I really should get silk dyes.
I also batiked some more hankies. I haven’t gotten into any overly complex designs with the batik. Some day when I don’t have to batik with littles at my feet, maybe! But I’m digging these simple designs for now. I particularly like how the dye turned out on these – I tub dyed them, but I used a very small amount of water – enough to submerge the items, but barely. It made the dye kind of variegated – there are light smudges, and dark smudges, instead of just one solid color.
As some of you already know, I sometimes list diapering or babywearing items over at Etsy. Right now, I have some super fun, super funky tie dye prefolds listed over there. Three for $14, with free shipping. If you want them added on to your Wallypop order, just send me an email!